IVF was invented to by-pass damaged or blocked Fallopian tubes. Since it's invention it has become a mainstream form of treatment with over 75,000 cycles of treatment taking place in the UK in 2021 alone.
Basic research studies on animal gametes leading up to IVF
Min Chueh Chang and Ryuzo Yanagamici undertake ground breaking research that proves mammalian IVF possible
A number of failed attempts at IVF in humans including one in 1975 that resulted in an ectopic pregnancy
Patrick Steptoe & Robert Edwards successfully carried out a pioneering conception leading to the first 'test tube' baby Louise Brown being born in the UK. A year later in 1979 they were also responsible for the first confirmed boy conceived by IVF.
First birth in BRISTOL of a baby conceived by IVF at a local clinic
The Human Fertilisation and Embryology (HFE) Act receives Royal Assent and in 1991 the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority becomes the worlds first fertility treatment regulator starts work.
ICSI is introduced allowing men with very poor sperm quality to use their own Sperm instead of donor sperm
Social sex selection is banned through HFEA guidance
IVF treatment has become mainstream medical technology with over 450 IVF clinic in the USA alone
Donor anonymity removed meaning people conceived using donor gametes can find out who their parent(s)'s donor was when they turn 18
HFE Act 2008 comes into effect allowing both partners in same-sex and unmarried couples to be legal parents without having to adopt
Over 5 million IVF babies born worldwide
Over 100 IVF clinics registered with the HFEA in the UK
In the UK Approximately 2% of children in the UK are conceived using IVF technology, that's 20,000 IVF babies deliveries annually.
Since 1978 there have been over 390,000 babies born from IVF and over 10million globally